Install Nginx from the source code

There are many casess when we need to compile the the sofware from the source code. Nginx is a briliant case when the can’t enable geoip module or mod_security as we normally do it in Apache. It has to be enabled on the compialation stage. I had a stand with centos v6.3 (I know that it is a bit outdated but this articale was written in 2019)

Go to and download the latest version (in my case it was 1.9.9)


Unpack the acrive:

tar xf nginx-1.9.9.tar.gz && cd nginx-1.9.9

You can read the manual for configure and enable what you need:

./configure -help |less

Между прочим, можно почитать требования к CMS системе, на которой написан сайт и включить только то, что для нее нужно. If you are about to compile the NGINX for a particular CMS (ex. WordPress, Drupal, Magento) than you can refference the official readme and FAQ and use the recommended compilation options

I was using the following:

-prefix=/etc/nginx #- installation folder  
-user=nginx # the username to run the nginx
-group=nginx # the group
-with-http_ssl_module # enable ssl support
-with-http_spdy_module # enable spdy
-with-http_realip_module # enable realip  
-with-http_geoip_module # enable geoip  
-with-http_gzip_static_module # enable gzip for static content
-with-http_auth_request_module # enable basic auth
-with-http_perl_module # enable perl
-http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log # log file path

Add nginx user to your system (the group will be created automatically)

useradd -d /etc/nginx nginx

Create folder for logs:

mkdir /var/log/nginx/  
chown nginx:nginx /var/log/nginx/

Install the required dependencies

yum install -y pcre-devel openssl-devel perl-ExtUtils-Embed

В ходе сбора пакета мне выплюнуло вот такую вот ошибку: You can see the following error during the compilation:

./configure: error: the GeoIP module requires the GeoIP library.  
You can either do not enable the module or install the library.

The GeoIp should be installed manually:

tar xf GeoIP-latest.tar.gz && cd cd GeoIP-1.*  
make install

By default all libraries will be installed into the following folder:

Libraries have been installed in:  

Let’s create symlink to default libs location to make sure that nginx compiler will see them:

ln -s /usr/local/lib/ /usr/lib64/

Let’s compile nginx:

./configure -prefix=/etc/nginx -user=nginx -group=nginx -with-http_ssl_module -with-http_spdy_module -with-http_realip_module -with-http_geoip_module -with-http_gzip_static_module -with-http_auth_request_module -with-http_perl_module -http-log-path=/var/log/nginx  
make install

После этого осталось сделать init скрипт для запуска. К сожалению в папке с исходниками его нету.
The remaining step is to get the init script for nginx. Unfortunately I didn’t find it in the folder with the source code: It can be downloaded from my site:

wget -O /etc/init.d/nginx /wp-content/uploads/2014/05/nginx  
chmod +x /etc/init.d/nginx

Start nginx:

/etc/init.d/nginx start

and check that it is running:

netstat -nlp |grep nginx

Be happy.